Strona startowa arrow Artykuły arrow Asad bay’s migration life (Scientific explanation of the pseudonym of “Gurban Said”)

Asad bay’s migration life (Scientific explanation of the pseudonym of “Gurban Said”)



Image Prominent Azerbaijani Jew writer and journalist Leo Nousimbaum was born in 1905 in Baku, capital of Azerbaijan in the family of one of the Jew origin oil businessmen. After accepting Islam taking the pseudonym “Mahammad Asad Bay” this prominent thinker started his activities in Azerbaijan and then continued in foreign countries.

While being one of the persons eye-witnessing of the arising of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, Socialist Revolution and closely observing the ongoing processes in the 2nd World War, Asad bay was a thinker introducing Azerbaijan to the world writing his thoughts and memories in the books.

After declining Azerbaijan Democratic Republic Asad bay brought refuge to Turkey, then went for studying to Berlin from there and was helped by Russian intelligent living in Berlin in those times. In childhood while being in Baku upbringed by German servant Asad bay learned German very well and also successfully finished education got in Berlin.

Because of supplying to the community without deviating the ugliness of capitalist-bourgeois life reigning in Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 20th century Asad bay undergoing heavy pursuits was to run from Azerbaijan and to spend lifelong migrant life. Though he lived only 37 years in the life, this person was a cause of occurrence a number of famous works reflecting in the scripts and memories seen in childhood. In 1929 he published his first book named “Shargda neft va gan” (English: oil and blood in the East) when he was in migration in Germany.

While investigating the meaning of the name of writer we see that Arabic translation of “asad” means “lion”, that is, he translated kind of his own Jew name. As undergoing to durable pursuits in 1930’s, Asad bay took “Gurban Said” name as pseudonym together with Boronesse Elfrede Erenfes that he made friends in Austria in those times.

According to conducted scientific investigations, it is known that “gurban” is to sacrifice something for the sake of something in Islamic world. The meaning of the word of “Said” is “volunteer”. On these grounds, it might be connected like sacrificing the Asad bay’s published works with the name of “Gurban Said” in Germany due to 1930’s regime.

Worldwide famous “Ali and Nino” with pseudonym Gurban Said has just come across this fate, because book has been printed in 1937.

According to events enumerated above, Asad bay’s fate of creative work ended with obligatory continuing in the Pozitono city of the Italy. Bas-relief on which written “Asad Bay” and “Gurban Said” words hung from on the house that he lived in Pozitono is still kept today as a sign of respect to the writer.

If we investigate another fact we will see that letter written to Miss Boronessa Elfride Erenfels by Asad bay in Italy was written under the “Miss K Said” pseudonym which was popular to write with password for those time. Even in 1937, in the time of Nazi Germany authority “Gurban Said” name was written in front of the Boronessa E.Erenfels’s name in the archive documents and today the same documents are still kept in the archive of the Miss.

All of these give ground that worldwide famous novel of “Ali and Nino” was obligatorily printed only under pseudonym name.

It is very interesting case that Asad bay didn’t selected city of Pozitono settled near to Napoly which is the partner city of Baku for migration life. Settlement in the seaside and similarity to Baku of the city is related to the memories of Asad bay.

3 years before his death, in 1939 artist Stefan Andreas created his portret memory for us in the Pozitono city of Italy.

In 1942 in the Catholic graveyard of the Pozitono city of Italy Asad bay was buried as a Muslim to the direction to which a Moslem turns when praying.

Works written by Asad bay later also differed from the viewpoint of urgency and sharpness of the time. That’s why his works were always translated into different languages and investigated as an investigation object by scientists.

In 70’s turkologist scientist Ahmad Shmide got acquainted with Asad bay’s life and activities, published different kind of articles. From this point of view I present the content of “gb. Bodmorshof” letter of Miss Elfride Erenfels on date of June 10, 1974 to readers.

“Dear Mr. Shmide,
I would like to inform you as a translator-specialist on Turkish languages that “Gurban Said” is a writer pseudonym of Mahammad Asad bay who was born in Baku and I collaborated with Asad bay in the publication of his “Gold horned girl” named novel in 1938.
Elfriede Ehrenfels-Bodmershof”.

As seen from the letter time puts each reality to its place.

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